CONSIDERING the importance of science and technology for their economic and social development, CONSIDERING the ongoing scientific and technological cooperation between India and Canada, for more information on research and innovation (R&I) cooperation with the United States, see: Some change has manifested itself in recent years, the STC and development cooperation have come closer: The Federal Research and Innovation Report, published annually by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), clearly describes the objectives of the W&T agreements: „Participation in international research programmes to solve global problems, the development and improvement of bilateral relations and access to interesting research areas are three main objectives of the Scientific and Technological Cooperation (STC) agreements. These agreements also aim to stabilise policies, support development, export technology and open new markets, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises“ (Source: BuFI 2014). The agreement has been renewed 4 times, the last time in 2018, for 5 years each. The second enlargement contained an amendment to include research in the field of security and space on the list of areas of cooperation activities. The Agreement establishes a formal framework for cooperation to promote, develop and facilitate activities in the fields of science and technology. Each Party shall ensure that the funds, materials, information, equipment, services, technologies and expertise made available to it by the other Party or its participants in the implementation of this Agreement are used exclusively for peaceful purposes and in a manner consistent with this Agreement. Bilateral partnerships are often based on a joint scientific and technological cooperation agreement. An overview of existing S&T agreements can be found on the International Cooperation web portal. These bilateral partnerships allow projects adapted to the partner country and its relations with Germany. Implementation Agreement between the European Commission and the Government of the United States of America on cooperation between researchers funded separately by the Framework Programme of the European Union and the United States for Research and Innovation, 17 October 2016. . .